Install TriTan CMS on Ubuntu 16.04 | 18.04 | 18.10 with Apache2 and PHP 7.2

TriTan is an open source, flat-file and lightweight content management system (CMS) and content management framework (CMF). It is easy to install, manage and extend. and helps you run your personal or business websites.

TriTan doesn’t require a database. all its data is simply stored in the file system (file-based, flat file CMS). It also provides native mark down WYSIWYG support, SEO friendly, flexible CSS framework with no installation required.

For more about TriTan, please check it homepage.

This brief tutorial shows students and new users how to install TriTan on Ubuntu 16.04 / 18.10 / 18.04 LTS with Apache2 and PHP 7.2 support.

When you’re ready to get TriTan working, continue with the steps below:

To get started with installing TriTan, follow the steps below:

Step 1: Install Apache2 HTTP Server

TriTan CMS requires a web server and Apache2 HTTP server is the most popular open source web server available today. To install Apache2 server, run the commands below:

sudo apt update
sudo apt install apache2

After installing Apache2, the commands below can be used to stop, start and enable Apache2 service to always start up with the server boots.

sudo systemctl stop apache2.service
sudo systemctl start apache2.service
sudo systemctl enable apache2.service

Now that Apache2 is installed. to test whether the web server is working, open your browser and browse to the URL below.

If you see the page above, then Apache2 is successfully installed.

Step 2: Install PHP 7.2 and Related Modules

TriTan CMS is a PHP based CMS and PHP is required. However, PHP 7.2 may not be available in Ubuntu default repositories. To run PHP 7.2 on Ubuntu 16.04 and previous, you may need to run the commands below:

sudo apt-get install software-properties-common
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ondrej/php

Then update and upgrade to PHP 7.2

sudo apt update

Next, run the commands below to install PHP 7.2 and related modules.

sudo apt install php7.2 libapache2-mod-php7.2 php7.2-common php7.2-gmp php7.2-curl php7.2-intl php7.2-mbstring php7.2-xmlrpc php7.2-gd php7.2-xml php7.2-cli php7.2-zip

After installing PHP 7.2, run the commands below to open PHP default configuration file for Apache2.

sudo nano /etc/php/7.2/apache2/php.ini

The lines below is a good settings for most PHP based CMS. Update the configuration file with these and save.

file_uploads = On
allow_url_fopen = On
short_open_tag = On
memory_limit = 256M
upload_max_filesize = 100M
max_execution_time = 360
date.timezone = America/Chicago

Everytime you make changes to PHP configuration file, you should also restart Apache2 web server. To do so, run the commands below:

sudo systemctl restart apache2.service

Now that PHP is installed, to test whether it’s functioning, create a test file called phpinfo.php in Apache2 default root directory. ( /var/www/html/)

sudo nano /var/www/html/phpinfo.php

Then type the content below and save the file.

<?php phpinfo( ); ?>

Next, open your browser and browse to the server’s hostname or IP address followed by phpinfo.php


You should see PHP default test page.

PHP Test Page

Step 3: Download TriTan Latest Release

To get v latest release you may want to get it from Github. Use Composer and git to download the latest version.

sudo apt install curl git
curl -sS  | sudo php -- --install-dir=/usr/local/bin --filename=composer

After installing curl and Composer above, change into the Apache2 root directory and download TriTan packages from Github…

cd /tmp
sudo mv TriTan-CMS-master /var/www/html/tritan

Next, change into the root directory and install via Composer

cd /var/www/html/tritan
sudo composer install
sudo cp /var/www/html/tritan/config.sample.php /var/www/html/tritan/config.php

Open config.php and edit the following constants and save the file: TTCMS_MAINSITE & TTCMS_MAINSITE_PATH. If you install on a dev server and then move it to a new server with a different domain, you will need to edit these for the new server.

sudo nano /var/www/html/tritan/config.php

Edit the highlighted line and save.

 * Main site
defined('TTCMS_MAINSITE') or define('TTCMS_MAINSITE', ''); //i.e. localhost:8888
defined('TTCMS_MAINSITE_PATH') or define('TTCMS_MAINSITE_PATH', ''); //i.e. /tritan/

After that, run the commands below to set the correct permissions for TriTan root directory and give Apache2 control.

sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/html/tritan/
sudo chmod -R 755 /var/www/html/tritan/

Step 4: Configure Apache2

Finally, configure Apahce2 site configuration file for TriTan. This file will control how users access TriTan content. Run the commands below to create a new configuration file called tritan.conf

sudo nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/tritan.conf

Then copy and paste the content below into the file and save it. Replace the highlighted line with your own domain name and directory root location.

<VirtualHost *:80>
     ServerAdmin [email protected]
     DocumentRoot /var/www/html/tritan

     <Directory /var/www/html/tritan/>
          Options FollowSymlinks
          AllowOverride All
          Require all granted

     ErrorLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/error.log
     CustomLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/access.log combined
     <Directory /var/www/html/tritan/>
            RewriteEngine on
            RewriteBase /
            RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
            RewriteRule ^(.*) index.php [PT,L]

Save the file and exit.

Step 5: Enable the TriTan and Rewrite Module

After configuring the VirtualHost above, enable it by running the commands below

sudo a2ensite tritan.conf
sudo a2enmod rewrite
sudo systemctl restart apache2.service

Then open your browser and browse to the server domain name. You should see TriTan setup wizard to complete. Please follow the wizard carefully.

You should then see TriTan default home page.

To logon to the backend portal, type:


  • username: TriTan
  • password: TriTanCMS

Congratulation! You have successfully installed TriTan CMS on Ubuntu 16.04 | 18.04 and 18.10.

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